A Postal History Gallery of Related Events


International Olympic Ecological Expedition

The joint expedition included Norway, the United States, Japan and Russia working in the Kara Sea.


Joint Russian - United States - Canadian Polar Study Voyage

Three icebreakers from the participating countries met in the polar seas, including the USS POLAR SEA, the Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker LOUIS S. ST. LAURENT and the Russian icebreaker YAMAL, to share information on navigation and sailing skills in the high latitudes. The YAMAL was additionally on a tourist cruise to the North Pole with passengers, including a group of gifted children.


North Pole Cruise

The North Pole tourist cruises continued in 1994 with the icebreaker YAMAL reaching the North Pole on July 21. The route choice was assisted by aerial ice pilots carried on board to check the route from helicopters as they proceeded.


Third International Ecological Expedition

A joint ecological study expedition sailed from Murmansk on the R/V VICTOR BUJNITSKI to work in the Barents and Kara Seas during August and September 1994. Shortage of funding for scientific work was overcome by combining the resources of Russia and Norway.


Tundra '94

The Russian-Swedish Ecological Expedition worked from the M/V AKADEMIC FEDEROVA. Sponsored by the Russian and Swedish Academies of Science, the studies focused on Kolskiy Peninsula and in the Northwest Passage.

Khatanga and Tiksi Islands were servicing points.


Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean

The ice station SHEBA was established in the Arctic Ocean off northern Alaska in late 1997 close to the oil drilling area of Prudhoe Bay which is a support site for SHEBA. The program included locking the Canadian icebreaker NGCC DES GROSELLILERS in the ice as a semi-permanent base for researchers to work here for as long as a year.

(Exhibition pieces courtesy of George Hall)